【集装箱街区】集装箱的文化复兴丨伊朗集装箱俱乐部

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发表时间:2021-04-02 14:54

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Cube Club / On Office

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

Tochal是德黑兰的休闲场所,该地区近年来有了显著的发展计划,因此,便有了集装箱俱乐部的设计委托。

Tochal is a recreational place in Tehran that had remarkable development plan in recent years, thus the design of Cube Club was offered to us.


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在该项目中,我们遇到了许多挑战,如特殊设计条件、客户想法、造价与时间的约束,以及独特的施工需求,除此之外,机会和各种限制也对该项目形成制约。

In this project we encountered with many challenges such as special design terms, client visions, financial and time constraints and special requirements of construction, after the mentioned items, opportunities and constraints becomes the main influential factors in design process.


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建筑师通过现场调研,发现了该项目的许多优势与劣势,位于山区的地势特点和位于城市中的优越地段是该场地的特征,对于城市景观和现有植被的保护也是影响选址的因素之一。

By visiting the site, strengths and weaknesses Drew attention, lying on the mountain range and the nobility to the city was considered to be the characteristics of the site, preservation of the city's view and existing vegetation were among the factors influence the locating.


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在Tochal,对于当代的轻质建筑具有独特的施工标准,因此,为了找到更加合适的解决办法,建筑师最初便构思了集装箱的设计理念。除了结构的重量较轻,集装箱的运用也加速了施工速度。

Construction Criteria of Tochal complex only issued the license for light and temporary structures. Hence, in order to find a suitable solution to the challenges, The Initial ideas of using the shipping containers were formed. In addition to having a lightweight construction, using of containers was accelerating the process of construction.


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因此,为了形成自然环境与人工场景的对比,基于可持续发展的建筑形式,以及运用循环材料和降低建筑成本的必要性,最终,在考虑了这些细节之后,建筑师向客户提出了运用集装箱的设计提案,并且该方案被予以采纳。

Therefore, in order to maintain and tribute the natural environment against the artificial setting and also based on sustainable architecture paradigms and the Necessity of using recyclable materials and reducing the costs of construction, constructing with the used containers was proposed to client and After reviewing the details, it got on the agenda.


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近年来,集装箱建筑在设计界获得了许多赞赏,它也是传统建筑材料的绿色替代品,人们通过这种策略来传达生态意识。

Shipping container architecture gets a lot of encouraging coverage in the design world as a trendy green alternative to traditional building materials, and seems like a smart choice for people looking for eco-consciousness.


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由于前文所提及的一些限制,最初的设计思路是,这些集装箱在排布过程中,对彼此体块以及结构的干扰要尽可能小,其作为一个具有特殊标准的模块化单元,让集装箱成为项目中最主要的元素。

According to the challenges and items mentioned, initial design formed with emplacing shipping containers beside each other with minimum interference in their basic structure and thus, containers as a modular unit with special standards becomes the main element of project in its architectural and structural design.


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根据场地的形状、景观朝向、现有的保护建筑以及客户的功能需求设计出建筑的平面形式,最终将建筑分成了三个主要区域,东部包含有咖啡、商店和餐饮功能,南部则包含有经理办公室、服务区域以及板条箱,西部则主要是逃生舱游戏区域。在以上空间的设计过程中,建筑师主要考虑的是景观朝向、气候特点、每个季节的日照角度,以及活动流线。建筑师将东部上方的集装箱稍稍旋转一定的角度,让空间能够面向城市主要景观朝向,并且在地面层形成开放空间,从而让整座建筑具有欢迎感。另一方面,建筑的各个部分相对独立,并且保留了与场地的复杂关系,因此,建筑师通过设计开放、半开放以及封闭的空间来形成该建筑的空间多样性。

Locating the main forms on the site according to shape of the ground, view of the city, preservation of existing building, required applications and accesses was determined in three major zones, that the eastern zone includes coffee shop and restaurant, the southern zone includes manager office, service areas and crate climbing and the western zone is considered for escape room's game. In each part above, forming and planning of project has been done according to achieve the best view, climate, sunlight direction in different seasons and pedestrian path. With the rotation of the upper containers in eastern side, the city view becomes the main spectacle and make pedestrians invited and attracted to the project and city's view by creating an opening on the ground floor, on the other hand the independence of different sections of the project and its relation with Tochal complex is preserved, therefore spatial diversity achieved by creating open, semi open and enclosed spaces.


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为了更好地整合建筑室内外空间,建筑师保留了集装箱的原有工业特质,来作为室内设计的一大亮点。另外,由于外壳的金属性质,一些集装箱也因此涂上了鲜艳的色彩,以对抗寒冷和工业的气氛。

In order to achieve integration of inside and outside of the building, Maintain industrial identity of containers was considered as a principle in interior design and also due to the metallic nature of the crusts, some of containers were painted with vivid colors to confront cold and industrial atmosphere.


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建筑设计:On Office
地点:伊朗 德黑兰
主创建筑师:Roozbeh Ghaemmaghami, Mehrad Habibi Sahar Zargar, Zeynab Abedi, Gilava Rohipour, Shabnam Khezeli, Saba Taghizadeh, Saeed Kabiri
面积:1200平方米
项目时间:2017年
照片:Hamidreza Khansari, Zahra Behbahani
制造商:Knauf, WINTECH
土木工程设计:Behrooz Mirmiran
家具设计:Rost Furniture
金属和木制装饰:Harsh Design
建设公司:ATTP (Plateaux)
执行经理:Mojtaba Tootoonchian
客户:Sourena Naghikhani

Architects:On Office
Location:Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Architects in Charge:Roozbeh Ghaemmaghami, Mehrad Habibi Sahar Zargar, Zeynab Abedi, Gilava Rohipour, Shabnam Khezeli, Saba Taghizadeh, Saeed Kabiri
Area:1200.0 m2
Project Year:2017
Photographs:Hamidreza Khansari, Zahra Behbahani
Manufacturers:Knauf, WINTECH
Civil Engineer:Behrooz Mirmiran
Furniture:Rost Furniture
Metal and Wooden Decors:Harsh Design
Construction Company:ATTP (Plateaux)
Executive Manager:Mojtaba Tootoonchian
Client:Sourena Naghikhani


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